Most addictive substances can be classified as either “uppers” or “downers”. These labels refer to the chemical and physical reactions that occur while under the influence of a specific substance. Uppers are central nervous system stimulants that generate an increase in energy, focus, and feelings of invincibility within the user. Downers are central nervous system depressants that produce lethargy, relief from discomfort, and feelings of euphoria.
Although uppers and downers produce opposite effects, both types of substances are capable of inflicting severe damage to the user’s health and overall well-being. Side effects associated with uppers include rapid heart rate, high blood pressure, and aggression whereas downers cause breathing suppression, low blood pressure, and impaired motor skills.
Is Cocaine an Upper or Downer?
As a stimulant, cocaine is classified as an upper. Banned in the United States in 1922 after years of being marketed as an energy supplement, cocaine usage peaked decades later in the 1970s as it became a designated party drug. Today, cocaine remains one of the most trafficked drugs in the world, and among the top five most dangerous.
The Cocaine High
Cocaine comes in powder form and can be snorted, taken orally, injected, or smoked. Reactions to the drug occur almost immediately and typically last for 15-30 minutes. The use of cocaine results in a high in which the user experiences:
Sense of invincibility/ grand sense of self
Dangers of Cocaine Abuse
As a stimulant, cocaine is metabolized rapidly within the body. A cocaine high lasts anywhere from 15-30 minutes, depending on the amount ingested, and feelings of euphoria eventually fade into agitation and fatigue. These unpleasant effects reinforce continued use. Prolonged cocaine use has the potential to inflict serious damage on the organs, specifically the heart and cardiovascular system.
As a stimulant, cocaine aggressively increases an individual’s blood pressure and heart rate, leading to an increase in oxygen demand which puts strain on the heart. In a recent study conducted by the American Heart Association, stimulant drug use was reported in 594 of 11,258 patients who were treated for heart failure across 83 different hospitals. They also state that patients with stimulant drug use were more likely to experience three or more hospitalizations within a 6-month timeframe.
We’re Here For You
Being a highly addictive substance, Cocaine abuse is life-threatening if left untreated. Fortunately, help is available for those battling this addiction. Depending on the stage of an individual’s addiction, they may require detox, an intensive treatment program, or both. Fortunately, Knoxville Recovery Center offers various services to those struggling with this addiction.
Detox – Our on-site detox clinic accommodates and supports clients as the body sheds all residual traces of cocaine. Clients are under medical supervision during the detox process to ensure that they remain safe and comfortable.
Addiction Treatment – During our addiction treatment program, clients will engage in introductory therapies and exercises that work to prepare them for continued, more intensive treatment outside of our facility. The goal of our addiction treatment track is to stabilize clients so that they are treatment-ready.
Mental Health Treatment – Our mental health treatment program introduces behavioral therapies rooted in self-expression and holistic exercise. Art therapy, music therapy, and yoga are just a few forms of therapy we offer at the center. Our goal is to help the client reclaim their voice and expose them to treatment within a professional facility.
Aftercare Planning – Aftercare is designed for individuals who have benefitted from our introductory addiction services and are transitioning into a more intensive addiction treatment program. Once a client is stabilized, they will be encouraged to pursue continued addiction treatment. Our experienced case managers will then work with our clients to place them in a program that addresses their specific wants and needs.Addiction is difficult to overcome alone. If you feel that you or a loved one is struggling with cocaine addiction, our specialists are on standby and ready to help. Call Knoxville Recovery Center and speak with an addiction expert today.